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FTTH Solution and Networking

Source: | Author:Admin | Published time: 2022-06-13 | 776 Views | Share:
Providing an Ultra-Broadband, Intelligent, and Fully Connected Experience for Home Users With the emergence of new services such as 4K/8K video, augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and smart home, home access is facing new challenges as bandwidth requirements are increasing tenfold and even hundredfold, while user connections are also experiencing exponential growth.

FTTH solution uses one optical fiber network to bear multiple services, providing high speed Internet (HSI), Wi-Fi, voice, video, and CATV services for home-connected users. This superior solution removes the bottleneck between homes and the backbone network to implement its ultra-broadband architecture and simple, flattened network structure, facilitating easy deployment and O&M.

Outside plant

OSP is any network infrastructure installed external to buildings. Scope includes optical fiber cabling, balanced twisted-pair cabling, and support assemblies FDT,FAT,Closure and so on of the network node which carrying the network service.


Inside plant

ISP refers to cable and devices installed inside of the building. This includes everything from the patch panel, patch cord, TB,ATB,STB,ONT and switch to the cables and jacks which finishing the network access to end users.


A Single Optical Network That Bears Multiple Services

Network environments have changed: multi-service networks have become a trend, enabling every household network to bear multiple services.


Deployment and O&M Face New Challenges

Optical fibers are routed to maximize coverage and reach as many users as possible, requiring networks to be simpler and easier to deploy, operate, and maintain.

FTTH Typical Networking

FTTH has the following three typical networking models. SFU ONT can be regarded as a pipe providing L2 data and voice services. HGW ONT provides L3 services; it is the center of a manageable home network and can be regarded as the "tap" of the smart pipe.


Bridging-type ONT+HGW

Equipped with a built-in IAD, HGW provides users with Internet access, VoIP, and IPTV services. The bridging-type ONT works with the OLT to provide L2 channels.

Bridging+Voice-type ONT

Equipped with a built-in IAD, the ONT provides users with L2 data services and voice services. This scenario provides transparent transmission channels and requires simple service configuration, so this scenario applies to L2 networking.

Gateway-type ONT

Equipped with a built-in IAD, the ONT provides services to users. The gateway-type ONT can provide L3 services such as DHCP/ PPPoE dial- up, NAT, and IGMP snooping, facilitating device interconnection in a house.


Wi-Fi Coverage for Homes

ONTs with Wi-Fi capabilities can address the needs of most households for Wi-Fi services. However, for large houses or villas, a single ONT cannot provide indoor Wi-Fi coverage for the entire house.

Acronyms and Abbreviations


access point


broadband network gateway


evolved packet core


element management system


fiber to the building


fiber to the curb


embedded optical time domain reflectometer


fiber access terminal


fiber distribution terminal


fiber to the home


home gateway unit


integrated access device


intelligent terminal management system


long term evolution


operation, administration and maintenance


optical distribution frame


optical distribution network


optical network terminal management and control interface


optical time domain reflectometer


operations support system


over the top


power line communication


radio access network


single family unit


simple network management protocol


terminal management system


wide area network

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